Improving students' relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students' academic and social development. All cultures and religions preach that students are supposed to respect their teachers and should try to learn from them not only what’s there in the academic curriculum but also the values of life. Teachers for their part should inspire students to want what the teachers themselves want, i.e. Based on the findings, four primary categories emerged with supporting elements that were critical components of each category. It may therefore be concluded based on the submissions of Hughes and Kwok (2007); Connell and Wellborn (1991); Eccles et al., (1998); and Rimm-Kaufman and Sandilos (2011), that for a relationship to be regarded mutually as positive and warm means that the parties to the relationship feel respected. This notion of being disrespected as a cause of violence (which is expressed in Jamaican parlance as âdissedâ) was not limited to student to student, but also teacher to student. aishwarya5990 aishwarya5990 Answer: It will boost the teacher-student relationship and will help the student … Subtractive schooling: Issues of caring in education of US-Mexican youth.Â New York: State University of New York Press. Positive eacher-student relationship creates t understanding between the teacher and student, increases the confidence level of the students, produces mutual respect and obedience in the students. & N. Eisenberg (Vol. In effect teachers have greater influence over students who feel that they are respected by their teachers. A foundational respect-producing behavior in teacher- student relationships is listening according to Kohn (1996) and Boynton and Boynton (2005). Thompson et al. Simba, N. O., Agak, J. O., & Kabuka, E. K. (2016). insufficient numbers of adequately trained persons to assume leadership roles in society; high school graduates who are not capable of acquiring skills that are needed to improve living conditions in society; the risk that with less than marketable skills, students enter adulthood being overly dependent on the state for support and thus pose risks to the environment and efforts at sustainable development. Overall, 55% of the 953 schools were rated as ineffective. Teaching is quite an exciting profession as every day brings new challenges with it. (2013).Â Education policy outlook: Finland.Â OECD Publishing: Paris.Â http://www.oecd.org/edu/EDUCATION%20POLICY%20OUTLOOK%20FINLAND_E N.pdf, Rausch, M. K., & Skiba, R. J. Using the variable of location the study found that a mere 53% of students in rural areas believe that their principals show interest in their concerns. In addition, 1,288 weapons were seized, including 431 knives and 486 pairs of scissors. Thus not only did students respect her more but they also grew to respect each other. The instrument was administered in four locations with the assistance of teachers from each school. Make first impressions count. Idu, A. P., & Ojedapo, D. O. Students who feel respected by their teachers are more easily swayed by their teachers to refrain from acts of indiscipline. The WCED notes that while the popular notions of sustainable development tended to focus on the environment, the application of the construct related to the equitable sharing of resources with the poor and other marginalized and vulnerable groups as well as ensuring stakeholder participation in decision-making. Give respect and take respect is a social policy… But in a student and teacher’s relation, it changes to “give affection & attention and take respect … The evidence from the two studies suggests that the two types of respect, unilateral and mutual, are distinctive depending on the grade and the relationship, and are coexistent … The role of self-discipline in predicting achievement for 10thÂ graders.Â International Journal of Intelligent Technologies and Applied Statistics, 8(1), 61â70, DOI: 10.6148/IJITAS. Ullman, in her experiment, allowed students to share aspects of their culture and history, which were not included in the curriculum but which gave students an opportunity to share their stories and thus be better understood by members of the class. In two schools the teachers arranged to have randomly chosen students complete the instruments during a designated period of a school day and at the other two schools the teachers gave the students the instruments and invited them to complete and return by the end of a school day. 4. PearsonâsÂ. Teaching is considered one of the most respected and noble professions in the world and I have always shown great respect for my teachers. The most fundamental element of these relationships is the display of care, thus a caring relation is ethically basic to humans. They have the misconception that students respect them because they do not question teachers and do everything that the teacher orders. The variable of school type disclose major contrasts wherein a mere 35% of students at traditional schools express the view that their principals show interest in their concerns with 17% being unsure and 41% disagreeing or strongly disagreeing. The act of showing respect, and the expectations students have of it, inform the degree of respect that students have for their principals and teachers. This experience and others like it make one wary of potential students, because clear trends emerge between the way a student expresses and conducts themselves … III, pp. The existence of a strong supportive relationship between teacher and student (relatedness) is critical for studentsâ comfort with the learning environment and an important medium of that support is engaged listening (Ullman, 1997). If you are interested in connecting with students, you should … The dynamic relationship between a college student and a teacher is occurs when this relationship is effective and honored. That five times as many boys than girls disagreed or strongly disagreed that their principal showed concern for them was 39% versus 9% provides an interpretive perspective on the comparatively higher levels of indiscipline among boys compared to girls. The paper seeks further to examine the implications of the mode of teacher-student engagement for ethics of care and sustainable development. Thirty-four (34) of the sixty-seven (67) males approximately 50% were either unsure about, or disagreed, or strongly disagreed that their principal showed interest in studentsâ concern. Polity and Stanford University Press. The two constructs are âethics of careâ and âsustainable developmentâ. Valenzuela, A. Knoell found, among other things, that the things that students valued most included active listening, which is an act of showing respect. The academic cost of discipline: The contribution of school discipline to achievement. Teachers must know what student respect really means. In this regard the work of Hughes and Kwok (2007) is instructive. PearsonâsÂ correlations were used, as opposed to Spearmanâs, to assess the relationships given that continuous variables are thus are more effectively measured using Pearsonâs. The study found that 63.6% of the 151 respondents either agreed or strongly agreed that the expression of concern shown to them by their principals influences the respect they have for their principal. To begin with, according to new survey 90 percent of high school and … I expect that all teachers should be the respect of their students, parents of the students and the community at large. Thompson, C., Burke, T., King, K., & Wong, S. (2017). Notwithstanding the focus on the third dimension, however, the other elements of sustainable development are considered in the discourse. The larger question that this paper thus seeks to explore is whether studentsâ perspectives of their teachersâ display of respect provide clues concerning the fundamental components of the quality of teaching and learning which, according the Starratt (2005), is related to the ethics of care and, as a principle of how community is maintained according to Agenda 21, sustainable development. Ministry of Education Statistics, (2015, May).Â Child month fact â Suspensions and expulsions: A cause for concern.Â Retrieved from http://digjamaica.com/blog/2015/05/26/child-month- fact-suspensions-and-expulsions-a-cause-for-concern/National Education Inspectorate. In general, the relationship between a student and a teacher is formal. Quotes About Respect For Teachers. He is a co-founder of theÂ Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative. Thompson, C.S. (1987).Â Our common future.Â New York: Oxford University Press. And do not think that the most important subject for the students is the one that you are teaching. A. Down, L., Lambert, C., & McPherson-Kerr, C. (2006). (2004) as the single greatest factor in determining educational outcomes. The Centre for Visionary Leadership asserts that the most effective visionary leaders are responsive to the real needs of people. Gilligan, C. (1982).Â In a different voice.Â Cambridge: Harvard University Press. joins in school community projects. Chicago: Chicago University Press. These factors were the quality of relationships (display of respect) that the principals sought to foster between themselves and teachers on the one hand, and fostering a culture of intolerance towards indiscipline at all levels. Hattie (2009) conducted a meta- analysis of 50,000 studies, including studies reporting direct student appraisals of their teachers, and found strong support for the notion that quality teachers had high expectations of their students and demonstrated care for them. They do contend, however, that while the quality of the relationship between teachers and students will not by itself and in and of itself produce improved academic outcomes, students who have close, positive and supportive relationships with their teachers are more likely to attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Empirical studies consistent with notions of the impact of teacher-pupil relationships on learning, behaviour and attendance have been conducted by Sakiz &Woolfolk-Hoy (2009) and Gorard & See (2011). Agenda 21 is explicit in its affirmation that the nurturing of attitudes of tolerance and respect for other peopleâs cultures is an important pillar in sustainable development. He observes that teachers expect to be respected by students but note that many fail to realize that respect is a two-way street. Rimm-Kaufman, S., & Sandilos, L. (2011). Based on the foregoing objectives, the research seeks to answer the following questions: Defining Respect.Â The Stanford Encyclopedia (2014) defines respect as a responsive relation which is expressed in various ways including attention, deference, acknowledgment, valuing, and behaviour. According to Zehm and Kottler (1993), students will never truly trust or open themselves up to hear what teachers have to say unless they sense that their teachers value and respect them. Virginia: ASCD. California: Corwin Press Inc. Zhao, R., & Kuo, Y. The contrast cited by Burton and Dunn is sharpened by Held (2006), who characterizes the ethic of care as containing features such as: (a) a commitment to meeting the needs of particular others; (b) an epistemological perspective that places value on othersâ emotions and relational capabilities which enable morally concerned persons in actual interpersonal contexts to understand what would be best; (c) a rejection of the notion that abstract theories provide a more effective starting point for reasoning about moral problems because they more likely avoid bias and arbitrariness (d) the adoption of a relational conception of persons, which is in stark contrast to Liberal individualism. Thompson (2009) found that the degree to which students perceive respect in their learning environment, which respect is manifested in the willingness of their leaders to listen has implications for the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Thus the attainment of the goals of schooling while dependent on the quality of relationships, which is both an issue of ethics of care and the third dimension of sustainable development has implications for the other dimensions of sustainable development. The communication of high expectations is an important climate-defining characteristic. Teachers can foster this environment by addressing inappropriate behavior calmly and/or in private, and acknowledging students feelings to try to … It is essential that teachers set the tone early by establishing clear expectations and practicing class procedures. The data were analyzed using SPSS Version 17. Two of the most important reasons are (a) to demonstrate respect for the views and perspectives of others, and (b) to ensure that the organization benefits from the wisdom and insights of others (Thompson, 2015). (2003).Â Effective supply teaching: Behaviour management, classroom discipline and colleague support. The result is a classroom where more learning takes place as students feel safe, motivated and, of course, respected. Thompson, C.S. This study is significant for at least three reasons, namely: Burton and Dunn (1996) assert that âethics of careâ refer to ideas concerning both nature and morality. Students represent the less powerful constituency within the school community and allowing others to have a voice is one of the most potent expressions of power-sharing and therefore, also, an expression of the ethics of care. This dimension I wish to refer to as the âthird dimensionâ for ease of reference. Thompson, C.S. Data used in this study were drawn from primary and secondary sources and were gathered in various years ending in 2017 with the latest set of data dated 2015. Meador (2016) asserts that respecting students is essential for boosting teacher effectiveness. They conducted a study in Texas, which sought in part to examine the influence of student-teacher relationships on student achievement in the primary grades. Dunkley (2013), reporting on a Ministry paper tabled by the Ministry of Education in Parliament in May 2013, stated that there were 915 fights, 160 robberies and three murders reported in Jamaican schools in the 2012/13 academic year. Canute S. Thompson, PhD.10.12806/V17/I3/R3. Teachers who lack structure not only lose valuable instructional time but often never gain the respect of their students. To the extent that academic underperformance among students suggests that they are operating at a level below, or outside of, their better selves, one of the question that arises, which this paper seeks to examine, is whether the demonstration of care possesses the efficacy that could lead to improved academic performance. The phrase “The relationship between a teacher and student should be like a fish and water but not like a fish and fisherman.” is to be considered once by every teacher. In this construction identity is defined by the set of relationships that individuals have with other humans. Dr. Canute Thompson is Lecturer in the School of Education, Mona Campus of The University of the West Indies. (Download) Talking to Teachers 101. Meador, D. (2016). Males were generally less of the view that their leaders showed interest in their concern, and thus, by extension, listened to them. Ullman conducted a case study of an urban high school English class, in a poor community with diverse nationalities and cultures, and found that by creating a culture of respect students were more encouraged to engage in academic activity. OECD. New York: Wiley. The quality of teaching and learning has been identified by Leithwood et al. On the other hand 68% of students at urban schools hold the view that their principals show interest in their concerns. A further feature of the research of Hughes and Kwok was striking. Find their interests. Jai Satchitanand Friends, Guru-shishya (teacher-disciple) relationship is among the oldest ones in India. They suggest that the construct stands in contrast to ethical theories such as Kantian deontology and utilitarianism which are principles to designed to highlight morality. The researchers concluded that self-discipline was a predictor of studentsâ academic achievement. Sustainable Development.Â The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in its 1987 publication, in relying on the seminal definition of sustainable development as articulated by the Brundtland Commission, restates that sustainable development is the ability to make development capable of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In addition of the foregoing correlations, the variable ârespectâ accounted for 21.489% of the variation in the data. Teachers must also emphasize the necessity of keeping boundaries between the students and teachers. Kohn (1996) contends that children are more likely to be respectful when important adults in their lives respect them; a view later echoed by Boynton and Boynton (2005) who note that people are more apt to go out of their way to please a boss who they believe values them as individuals and treats them with dignity and respect. Studentsâ progress was rated as unsatisfactory in 51% of schools, and teaching in support of studentsâ learning was unsatisfactory in 44% of schools. Hattie, J. Is there support in the scientific literature for characterizing teachersâ and principalsâ display of in respect being related to the ethics of care and sustainable development? The feeling of respect for leaders in an organization is a definitive climate setting factor and reflection of the assessment of the quality of leadership. Marzano, R. J. How can we enhance enjoyment of secondary school? Achieving this … Given the disparity between boys and girls assessment of the quality of their relationships with teachers and principals, wherein boys report feeling lower levels of inclusion; policy makers, trainers, and practitioners are encouraged to explore new strategies that give greater space to giving boys a voice. It is therefore not surprising that Barrow (2015), drawing on insights from a qualitative study at the college level, would conclude that caring relations with students was effective in supporting studentsâ needs and ultimately success. This focus of this study was triggered by data conducted from a wider study that sought to explore studentsâ perceptions and expectations of leaders in a postmodern era. Boynton and Boynton (2005) contend that improving students’ relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students’ academic and social development. All three studies found that that discipline plays an important role in studentsâ academic performance. Impact of Discipline on Academic Performance of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Muhoroni Sub-County, Kenya.Â Journal of Education and Practice,Â 7(6), 164â173. 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