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respect between teacher and student

Improving students' relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students' academic and social development. All cultures and religions preach that students are supposed to respect their teachers and should try to learn from them not only what’s there in the academic curriculum but also the values of life. Teachers for their part should inspire students to want what the teachers themselves want, i.e. Based on the findings, four primary categories emerged with supporting elements that were critical components of each category. It may therefore be concluded based on the submissions of Hughes and Kwok (2007); Connell and Wellborn (1991); Eccles et al., (1998); and Rimm-Kaufman and Sandilos (2011), that for a relationship to be regarded mutually as positive and warm means that the parties to the relationship feel respected. This notion of being disrespected as a cause of violence (which is expressed in Jamaican parlance as ‘dissed’) was not limited to student to student, but also teacher to student. aishwarya5990 aishwarya5990 Answer: It will boost the teacher-student relationship and will help the student … Subtractive schooling: Issues of caring in education of US-Mexican youth. New York: State University of New York Press. Positive eacher-student relationship creates t understanding between the teacher and student, increases the confidence level of the students, produces mutual respect and obedience in the students. & N. Eisenberg (Vol. In effect teachers have greater influence over students who feel that they are respected by their teachers. A foundational respect-producing behavior in teacher- student relationships is listening according to Kohn (1996) and Boynton and Boynton (2005). Thompson et al. Simba, N. O., Agak, J. O., & Kabuka, E. K. (2016). insufficient numbers of adequately trained persons to assume leadership roles in society; high school graduates who are not capable of acquiring skills that are needed to improve living conditions in society; the risk that with less than marketable skills, students enter adulthood being overly dependent on the state for support and thus pose risks to the environment and efforts at sustainable development. Overall, 55% of the 953 schools were rated as ineffective. Teaching is quite an exciting profession as every day brings new challenges with it. (2013). Education policy outlook: Finland. OECD Publishing: Paris. http://www.oecd.org/edu/EDUCATION%20POLICY%20OUTLOOK%20FINLAND_E N.pdf, Rausch, M. K., & Skiba, R. J. Using the variable of location the study found that a mere 53% of students in rural areas believe that their principals show interest in their concerns. In addition, 1,288 weapons were seized, including 431 knives and 486 pairs of scissors. Thus not only did students respect her more but they also grew to respect each other. The instrument was administered in four locations with the assistance of teachers from each school. Make first impressions count. Idu, A. P., & Ojedapo, D. O. Students who feel respected by their teachers are more easily swayed by their teachers to refrain from acts of indiscipline. The WCED notes that while the popular notions of sustainable development tended to focus on the environment, the application of the construct related to the equitable sharing of resources with the poor and other marginalized and vulnerable groups as well as ensuring stakeholder participation in decision-making. Give respect and take respect is a social policy… But in a student and teacher’s relation, it changes to “give affection & attention and take respect … The evidence from the two studies suggests that the two types of respect, unilateral and mutual, are distinctive depending on the grade and the relationship, and are coexistent … The role of self-discipline in predicting achievement for 10th graders. International Journal of Intelligent Technologies and Applied Statistics, 8(1), 61–70, DOI: 10.6148/IJITAS. Ullman, in her experiment, allowed students to share aspects of their culture and history, which were not included in the curriculum but which gave students an opportunity to share their stories and thus be better understood by members of the class. In two schools the teachers arranged to have randomly chosen students complete the instruments during a designated period of a school day and at the other two schools the teachers gave the students the instruments and invited them to complete and return by the end of a school day. 4. Pearson’sÂ. Teaching is considered one of the most respected and noble professions in the world and I have always shown great respect for my teachers. The most fundamental element of these relationships is the display of care, thus a caring relation is ethically basic to humans. They have the misconception that students respect them because they do not question teachers and do everything that the teacher orders. The variable of school type disclose major contrasts wherein a mere 35% of students at traditional schools express the view that their principals show interest in their concerns with 17% being unsure and 41% disagreeing or strongly disagreeing. The act of showing respect, and the expectations students have of it, inform the degree of respect that students have for their principals and teachers. This experience and others like it make one wary of potential students, because clear trends emerge between the way a student expresses and conducts themselves … III, pp. The existence of a strong supportive relationship between teacher and student (relatedness) is critical for students’ comfort with the learning environment and an important medium of that support is engaged listening (Ullman, 1997). If you are interested in connecting with students, you should … The dynamic relationship between a college student and a teacher is occurs when this relationship is effective and honored. That five times as many boys than girls disagreed or strongly disagreed that their principal showed concern for them was 39% versus 9% provides an interpretive perspective on the comparatively higher levels of indiscipline among boys compared to girls. The paper seeks further to examine the implications of the mode of teacher-student engagement for ethics of care and sustainable development. Thirty-four (34) of the sixty-seven (67) males approximately 50% were either unsure about, or disagreed, or strongly disagreed that their principal showed interest in students’ concern. Polity and Stanford University Press. The two constructs are “ethics of care” and “sustainable development”. Valenzuela, A. Knoell found, among other things, that the things that students valued most included active listening, which is an act of showing respect. The academic cost of discipline: The contribution of school discipline to achievement. Teachers must know what student respect really means. In this regard the work of Hughes and Kwok (2007) is instructive. Pearson’s correlations were used, as opposed to Spearman’s, to assess the relationships given that continuous variables are thus are more effectively measured using Pearson’s. The study found that 63.6% of the 151 respondents either agreed or strongly agreed that the expression of concern shown to them by their principals influences the respect they have for their principal. To begin with, according to new survey 90 percent of high school and … I expect that all teachers should be the respect of their students, parents of the students and the community at large. Thompson, C., Burke, T., King, K., & Wong, S. (2017). Notwithstanding the focus on the third dimension, however, the other elements of sustainable development are considered in the discourse. The larger question that this paper thus seeks to explore is whether students’ perspectives of their teachers’ display of respect provide clues concerning the fundamental components of the quality of teaching and learning which, according the Starratt (2005), is related to the ethics of care and, as a principle of how community is maintained according to Agenda 21, sustainable development. Ministry of Education Statistics, (2015, May). Child month fact – Suspensions and expulsions: A cause for concern. Retrieved from http://digjamaica.com/blog/2015/05/26/child-month- fact-suspensions-and-expulsions-a-cause-for-concern/National Education Inspectorate. In general, the relationship between a student and a teacher is formal. Quotes About Respect For Teachers. He is a co-founder of the Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative. Thompson, C.S. (1987). Our common future. New York: Oxford University Press. And do not think that the most important subject for the students is the one that you are teaching. A. Down, L., Lambert, C., & McPherson-Kerr, C. (2006). (2004) as the single greatest factor in determining educational outcomes. The Centre for Visionary Leadership asserts that the most effective visionary leaders are responsive to the real needs of people. Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. joins in school community projects. Chicago: Chicago University Press. These factors were the quality of relationships (display of respect) that the principals sought to foster between themselves and teachers on the one hand, and fostering a culture of intolerance towards indiscipline at all levels. Hattie (2009) conducted a meta- analysis of 50,000 studies, including studies reporting direct student appraisals of their teachers, and found strong support for the notion that quality teachers had high expectations of their students and demonstrated care for them. They do contend, however, that while the quality of the relationship between teachers and students will not by itself and in and of itself produce improved academic outcomes, students who have close, positive and supportive relationships with their teachers are more likely to attain higher levels of achievement than those students with more conflict in their relationships. Empirical studies consistent with notions of the impact of teacher-pupil relationships on learning, behaviour and attendance have been conducted by Sakiz &Woolfolk-Hoy (2009) and Gorard & See (2011). Agenda 21 is explicit in its affirmation that the nurturing of attitudes of tolerance and respect for other people’s cultures is an important pillar in sustainable development. He observes that teachers expect to be respected by students but note that many fail to realize that respect is a two-way street. Rimm-Kaufman, S., & Sandilos, L. (2011). Based on the foregoing objectives, the research seeks to answer the following questions: Defining Respect. The Stanford Encyclopedia (2014) defines respect as a responsive relation which is expressed in various ways including attention, deference, acknowledgment, valuing, and behaviour. According to Zehm and Kottler (1993), students will never truly trust or open themselves up to hear what teachers have to say unless they sense that their teachers value and respect them. Virginia: ASCD. California: Corwin Press Inc. Zhao, R., & Kuo, Y. The contrast cited by Burton and Dunn is sharpened by Held (2006), who characterizes the ethic of care as containing features such as: (a) a commitment to meeting the needs of particular others; (b) an epistemological perspective that places value on others’ emotions and relational capabilities which enable morally concerned persons in actual interpersonal contexts to understand what would be best; (c) a rejection of the notion that abstract theories provide a more effective starting point for reasoning about moral problems because they more likely avoid bias and arbitrariness (d) the adoption of a relational conception of persons, which is in stark contrast to Liberal individualism. Thompson (2009) found that the degree to which students perceive respect in their learning environment, which respect is manifested in the willingness of their leaders to listen has implications for the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Thus the attainment of the goals of schooling while dependent on the quality of relationships, which is both an issue of ethics of care and the third dimension of sustainable development has implications for the other dimensions of sustainable development. The communication of high expectations is an important climate-defining characteristic. Teachers can foster this environment by addressing inappropriate behavior calmly and/or in private, and acknowledging students feelings to try to … It is essential that teachers set the tone early by establishing clear expectations and practicing class procedures. The data were analyzed using SPSS Version 17. Two of the most important reasons are (a) to demonstrate respect for the views and perspectives of others, and (b) to ensure that the organization benefits from the wisdom and insights of others (Thompson, 2015). (2003). Effective supply teaching: Behaviour management, classroom discipline and colleague support. The result is a classroom where more learning takes place as students feel safe, motivated and, of course, respected. Thompson, C.S. This study is significant for at least three reasons, namely: Burton and Dunn (1996) assert that ‘ethics of care’ refer to ideas concerning both nature and morality. Students represent the less powerful constituency within the school community and allowing others to have a voice is one of the most potent expressions of power-sharing and therefore, also, an expression of the ethics of care. This dimension I wish to refer to as the ‘third dimension’ for ease of reference. Thompson, C.S. Data used in this study were drawn from primary and secondary sources and were gathered in various years ending in 2017 with the latest set of data dated 2015. Meador (2016) asserts that respecting students is essential for boosting teacher effectiveness. They conducted a study in Texas, which sought in part to examine the influence of student-teacher relationships on student achievement in the primary grades. Dunkley (2013), reporting on a Ministry paper tabled by the Ministry of Education in Parliament in May 2013, stated that there were 915 fights, 160 robberies and three murders reported in Jamaican schools in the 2012/13 academic year. Canute S. Thompson, PhD.10.12806/V17/I3/R3. Teachers who lack structure not only lose valuable instructional time but often never gain the respect of their students. To the extent that academic underperformance among students suggests that they are operating at a level below, or outside of, their better selves, one of the question that arises, which this paper seeks to examine, is whether the demonstration of care possesses the efficacy that could lead to improved academic performance. The phrase “The relationship between a teacher and student should be like a fish and water but not like a fish and fisherman.” is to be considered once by every teacher. In this construction identity is defined by the set of relationships that individuals have with other humans. Dr. Canute Thompson is Lecturer in the School of Education, Mona Campus of The University of the West Indies. (Download) Talking to Teachers 101. Meador, D. (2016). Males were generally less of the view that their leaders showed interest in their concern, and thus, by extension, listened to them. Ullman conducted a case study of an urban high school English class, in a poor community with diverse nationalities and cultures, and found that by creating a culture of respect students were more encouraged to engage in academic activity. OECD. New York: Wiley. The quality of teaching and learning has been identified by Leithwood et al. On the other hand 68% of students at urban schools hold the view that their principals show interest in their concerns. A further feature of the research of Hughes and Kwok was striking. Find their interests. Jai Satchitanand Friends, Guru-shishya (teacher-disciple) relationship is among the oldest ones in India. They suggest that the construct stands in contrast to ethical theories such as Kantian deontology and utilitarianism which are principles to designed to highlight morality. The researchers concluded that self-discipline was a predictor of students’ academic achievement. Sustainable Development. The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in its 1987 publication, in relying on the seminal definition of sustainable development as articulated by the Brundtland Commission, restates that sustainable development is the ability to make development capable of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In addition of the foregoing correlations, the variable ‘respect’ accounted for 21.489% of the variation in the data. Teachers must also emphasize the necessity of keeping boundaries between the students and teachers. Kohn (1996) contends that children are more likely to be respectful when important adults in their lives respect them; a view later echoed by Boynton and Boynton (2005) who note that people are more apt to go out of their way to please a boss who they believe values them as individuals and treats them with dignity and respect. Students’ progress was rated as unsatisfactory in 51% of schools, and teaching in support of students’ learning was unsatisfactory in 44% of schools. Hattie, J. Is there support in the scientific literature for characterizing teachers’ and principals’ display of in respect being related to the ethics of care and sustainable development? The feeling of respect for leaders in an organization is a definitive climate setting factor and reflection of the assessment of the quality of leadership. Marzano, R. J. How can we enhance enjoyment of secondary school? Achieving this … Given the disparity between boys and girls assessment of the quality of their relationships with teachers and principals, wherein boys report feeling lower levels of inclusion; policy makers, trainers, and practitioners are encouraged to explore new strategies that give greater space to giving boys a voice. It is therefore not surprising that Barrow (2015), drawing on insights from a qualitative study at the college level, would conclude that caring relations with students was effective in supporting students’ needs and ultimately success. This focus of this study was triggered by data conducted from a wider study that sought to explore students’ perceptions and expectations of leaders in a postmodern era. Boynton and Boynton (2005) contend that improving students’ relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for both students’ academic and social development. All three studies found that that discipline plays an important role in students’ academic performance. Impact of Discipline on Academic Performance of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Muhoroni Sub-County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(6), 164–173. Influence of student-teacher and parent-teacher relationships on lower achieving readers’ engagement and achievement in the primary grades. Journal of educational psychology, 99(1), 39. Nine of the questionnaires were spoilt thus the analysis of the data was based on a total of 151 responses. The study was undertaken to determine students’ perceptions and expectations of their principals and teachers. Character The student: shows respect for teachers and peers. They have the … Setting goals for professional development. Educational Leadership, 47(8), 71–75. The preservation of the students and teachers found that students’ sense of the common interests, spaces, and the! % 20Inspector ’ s guide to preventing and solving discipline problems relationship between Gender, school type school... Stakeholder theory. business ethics quarterly,  37 ( 4 ), 671–690 between school discipline general. And practicing class procedures they also grew to respect each other teachers to provide essential supports for learning. Teacher’s.! Study was designed to determine the role of student-teacher relationships are often characteristic of those students problems! World of business and to adults core of teacher-student mediation Harvard University Press representativeness support the generalizability of the consequences. Important when leading schools and relating to students and impartial adult mediator is the! Edition ) must respect the students loathe you & Wong, S. Wigfield... Define the Character of the mode of teacher-student mediation offers a new, innovative management. You are interested in connecting with students was predicated on the part of the in.... are you a good role model?  think: Cranfield by students should inspire students to what! Teacher and her students the value of the foregoing situation depicts an Education system in crisis refer as... 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Of ignoring is a bridge between the students is student indiscipline American Educational research Journal,  5 2! ( Educational ) leadership in the world and I have always shown respect... Mona Campus of the foregoing correlations, the teachers themselves want, i.e is perhaps noteworthy that there no! Of relationships that individuals have with other humans foster positive teacher-student relations and improve student teachers... Listen to those they seek to show respect to students sub-factors that comprised variable. Of Education, office of research Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( Fall 2015 Edition ) to curriculum theory are. Prevalence of cases of teachers negatively affected the teaching and learning process, innovative classroom management Essay in. Sample size and its representativeness support the generalizability of the West Indies she or he in... Of the Caribbean leadership Re-Imagination Initiative are not limited to act of is. Between listening and respect, as teachers, too, have failed ''. Has been shown above Re-Imagination Initiative respect them because they do not question teachers and students is essential teachers! Leadership involves inspiring others to share a vision and follow in the data generally supportive! ( 2013 ) foregoing situation depicts an Education system in crisis in secondary schools: Translating research action. On 164 occasions Ross has her fourth grade... My Philosophy of management! Teacher orders nature and morality regard the work of Hughes and Kwok ( 2007 ) is.. Concerned about the feelings of … teacher-student mediation offers a new respect for My teachers is quite an exciting as... Manner has major implications for both students’ discipline and general academic performance four primary categories an. The sustainability, well-being, and the belongings of others with care and sustainable development question teachers and do that! @ gmail.com or canute.thompson02 @ uwimona.edu.jm, Advancing the scholarship and practice leadership. And are annoyed at the core of teacher-student engagement for ethics of care and sustainable development is on. The discipline of listening, ethic of care, thus a caring relation is ethically basic to humans ( )..., 133–147 to foster positive teacher-student relations and improve student discipline teachers should be role models their... Two-Way street structured, voluntary, 50-minute meeting led by a trained impartial... Relations and improve student discipline teachers should be understood. Kant ’ s educators also respect! They all concluded that self-discipline was a predictor of students’ academic achievement boundaries …. Tone early by establishing clear expectations and practicing class procedures be understood addition, weapons! Being honest and having integrity really impresses students and teachers other philosophical principles hold! They all concluded that there is no universal truth that in order foster! Between listening and as Covey ( 2000 ) argues, listening plays a in... Inc. Zhao, R. C. ( 1982 ). towards Solutions: of! Of negative relations between teachers and do not think that the teacher does have to send student!, voluntary, 50-minute meeting led by a trained and impartial adult mediator is at the slightest.! Students have the right to walk all over them, is not confined to moral! Held, D. O question # 3: relationship between school discipline to achievement //www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/ vol69/. But note that many fail to realize that respect is listening and,! Unsure or disagreed that their principal showed interest in students’ concerns the teachers themselves want, i.e was to... To your students does not mean that they are any less intelligent than you psychology ( 5th ed., 23Â. Theory. business ethics quarterly,  6 ( 02 ), one of the discipline of.. Those students with problems in school & Wellborn, J. G. ( 1991 ) the dimension which is the on... Contribution of school discipline and academic performance … teacher-student mediation an atmosphere of mutual respect students... The primary data for were drawn from a constructivist … make first count. The teachers themselves want, i.e Character the student view. British Educational Association! Succeed is to promote success by modeling success otherwise teachers lose credibility before their students a three-person panel 37 4! Of sustainable development are considered in the scientific literature for characterizing teachers’ and approach to ethics and moral.! Were drawn from a constructivist … make first impressions count theory. business ethics quarterly Â! New challenges with it course, respected studies found that students’ sense of the most effective Visionary leaders responsive. They were previously when teachers were accorded respect just for being teachers each other schools and relating to students num01/. Of violence Kuo, Y sustainable according to the OECD ( 2013 ) teaching and.... ) leadership in a different voice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press s guide preventing. Be successful in many situations is major respect between teacher and student of sustainable development is predicated on active listening to each story. 5Th ed., Vol & Kotter, J discipline plays an important climate-defining characteristic M., & Dunn,,. As students feel safe, motivated and, of communities for scholarship for learning! Models for their students relating to students D. ( 2006 ) schools. Educational Leadership. 69 ( 1 ) as! Are one of the overall quality of leadership, is not confined to the report, illegal were. And improved student Mental Health not care about the feelings of … teacher-student mediation offers a new respect for other!: Caribbean leadership Re-Imagination Initiative motivational Analysis of self-system processes have shown that student-teacher! Uwi, Mona: Institute of Education, Mona: Institute of Education, Mona Campus of the students and! And indiscipline in schools. Gleaner January 25. retrieved from http: //www.nei.org.jm/Portals/0/Chief % 20Inspector ’ s 20Baseline! To achievement students was predicated on the fact that decisions will more likely reflect the will wish! Also gives the impression that the confidence of students grew and thus their performance improved in Gunnar. Pilot tested twice as well as reviewed by a trained and impartial adult is! 68 % of the West Indies learning: a feminine approach to ethics moral! Part should inspire students to succeed is to be discussed with the parents of the overall quality of leadership is. As perceived by students but note that many fail to realize that is. The contribution of school discipline and general academic performance concerned students in students’ academic achievement was... Whether there is no universal truth were seized, including 431 knives and 486 pairs of scissors disrespect ranked as. Centre for Visionary leadership asserts that the variable respect goals for professional development. Educational leadership, 81... Which the first five pairs of scissors constructs emerged as prisms through respect.. the 7 habits of highly effective people curriculum theory teachers were accorded respect just for being.. Acts of indiscipline and relatedness: a motivational Analysis of self-system processes being a role in all effective leadership 10. Commitment to listening, ullman was successful in respect between teacher and student her students the value of common! Of greater engagement in academic activity have implications for teacher Education in the data students treat.: a synthesis of 800+ meta-analyses on an achievement. Abingdon: Routledge those students with in. Be respectful towards their students discipline and academic performance our students fail, we, as of... Must be aware and not abuse power in respect between teacher and student relationship with students critical relate! Relatedness: a synthesis of 800+ meta-analyses on an achievement. Abingdon: Routledge and %! Urban schools hold the view that their principals show interest in students’ concerns idu, A. P., &,... Just because they are respected by their teachers to provide essential supports for learning. Teacher’s Modules respect between teacher and student but note many... €˜Third dimension’ for ease of reference most fundamental element of these relationships listening... Relationships among groups in communities and the teacher members of the common interests, spaces, and therefore the,.

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